Differentiation in Access to, and the Use and Sharing of (Open) Educational Resources among Students and Lecturers at Kenyan Universities

Judith Pete, Fred Mulder, Jose Dutra Oliveira Neto, Francesco Pierli

Tangaza University College

Despite several studies on the use and development of Open Educational Resources in higher education institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa, there is still no clear picture of the kind of use and appreciation (or adoption) of such resources by students and lecturers in countries in this region. OER, although known as a concept for about 15 years, is not as widely used by educational institutions in the developing countries as could be anticipated on the basis of its high potential, underlined for example by UNESCO. Therefore a large-scale study has been carried out to get a fair ‘OER picture’ for the Global South (covering South America, Southeast Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa); this is one of the major projects of a big overarching initiative, called ROER4D. At the conference the results will be presented for one of the African countries, namely Kenya. Four Kenyan universities have been selected with random sampled students and lecturers. Empirical data have been generated by the use of a student and a lecturer questionnaire to which in total 798 students and 43 lecturers have responded. The outcomes give insight into the differentiation in access to (Open) Educational Resources, and in ways that they are using and sharing these resources. Note that the attribute ‘Open’ has been placed in parentheses on purpose since in the test phase it became evident that both the student and lecturer populations generally lack a proper understanding of the OER concept, in particular its open licensing approach. In order to circumvent misconceptions and to raise the validity of the results we therefore decided to change the reference from OER to ER in part of the questionnaires.
All data have been collected. Currently we are in the process of exploring and interpreting the results which will lead to a rich and relevant conference presentation.

Presentation

Differentiation in Access to, and the Use and Sharing of (Open) Educational Resources among Students and Lecturers at Kenyan Universities from Open Education Consortium